Adetutu Oluwasanmi
Adetutu Oluwasanmi


Adetutu Oluwasanmi

Different Career Paths in Tech

Different Career Paths in Tech

Adetutu Oluwasanmi's photo
Adetutu Oluwasanmi
·Nov 4, 2022·

3 min read

If you want to start a career in technology but aren't sure which path to take, this article will help you decide. There are two types of tech career paths: coding and non-coding.

Coding: We have Frontend Development, Backend Development, Full Stack Development, Software Engineering, Data analysis, Data Engineering/Data Science, Cloud Engineering, Mobile App Developer, Machine Learning engineering, Blockchain Developer, DevOps Engineering, Site Reliability Engineering, and WordPress Development.

Non-coding: Technical writing, Product Design, Product Management, QA Engineer/QA Tester, Cyber Security, Scrum Master, Technical Recruiter.

In this article, I will be explaining a few of the coding and non-coding fields in technology. Let’s dive into it

  • Non-coding fields:

Technical Writing

Technical writing is the documentation of complex, technical, and niche-specific information. It is a form of writing that breaks down technical concepts in an easy-to-understand way. Examples of technical documents include; User Manuals, Software Installation Guides, API Documentation, Press Release, Case Studies & White Papers, etc. The skills needed by technical writers include; Research Skills, Technical skills, Audience analysis, and clarity/simplicity.

Tools used by Technical writers: G-Suite—Google Docs, Sheets, Slides.

Technical writing courses:

Product Design

Product design is the process of conceptualizing, creating, launching and improving upon a product that solves a user problem. Some of the roles included in product design include; UX Designer (designs the experience of a user on an app or website), User researcher (finds out more about the users you’re creating a product for), and UI Designer (creates the visual elements of the product experience).

Tools used by Product Designers: Adobe XD, Figma, Invision, Miro, Adobe Illustrator, Hotjar, Userlytics

Product Design courses:

  • Coding fields

Frontend Development

Frontend development is also known as "client-side" development. This is the process of creating websites and applications using web technologies that allow users to access and interact with the site or app. A front-end developer ensures that the appearance and layout of the site or application are user-friendly and responsive.

Technology tools used by Frontend Developers:

  • Programming languages: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • CSS Frameworks, Libraries, and Preprocessors: Bootstrap, Tailwind CSS, Bulma, Materialize, Semantic UI, Sass, and Less
  • Other Frameworks: React, Angular, Vue
  • Version control: Git/GitHub

Backend Development

Backend development is also known as "server-side" development. This is the process of creating everything that happens behind the scenes of a website or application that the user cannot see. The role of a backend developer involves writing APIs, writing code to interact with a database, creating libraries, and working on business processes and data architecture.

Technology tools used by Backend Developers:

  • Programming languages: Python, PHP, Ruby, Java, C#, JavaScript
  • Frameworks, Django, Laravel, Spring, Ruby on Rails, Meteor, Node.js
  • Databases: MongoDB, MySQL, Oracle

Mobile App Development

This entails designing and building software applications that can run on a mobile device. There are different approaches for developing mobile apps; Native mobile app (capable of running on only one operating system either Android or iOS), cross-platform mobile app (a unified code is written which is capable of running on Android and iOS), and Hybrid mobile app (are built using web technologies then packaged as mobile applications for the appropriate platforms).

Technology tools used by Mobile Developers:

  • iOS - Swift, Objective-C
  • Android - Kotlin, Java
  • Cross Platform (both iOS and Android)- React Native, Dart (Flutter), Xamarin, Ionic, Apache Cordova

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Photo Credit: Pixabay

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